Translations For Colors

  •  what color is it? = ?de qué color es?
  •  it’s yellow = es amarillo/amarilla


Note the use of the preposition de in the following sentences:

  •  she always wears green = siempre se viste de verde
  •  to paint something yellow = pintar algo de amarillo
  •  dressed in black = vestido de negro
  •  the woman in white = la mujer de blanco


Nouns of color

These are all masculine:

  •  a deep red = un rojo intenso
  •  you look good in green = el verde te queda bien
  •  violet = el violeta (i.e. the color; the flower is feminine – la violeta)


They are used as in English: 

  •  we have it in red and yellow = lo tenemos en rojo y amarillo
  •  I love green = me encanta el verde
  •  blue is in fashion = está de moda el azul


Adjectives of color

Some of the most common of these agree in gender and number with the noun they modify: 

  •  a yellow blouse = una blusa amarilla
  •  blue/black shoes = zapatos azules/negros


Many, however, are invariable in form:

  •  turquoise curtains = unas cortinas turquesa


Some adjectives may be either variable or invariable in number, principally naranja, rosa, malva, and violeta:

  •  pink shirts = camisas rosa or rosas


Note the use of the Spanish word color in combination with adjectives of color, whether as an integral part of a compound: 

  •  cream trousers = pantalones color crema


or as an optional addition:

  •  strawberry-pink = (color) fresa
  •  salmon = (color) salmón
  •  lilac socks = calcetines (color) lila
  •  lemon yellow paint = pintura (color) amarillo limón


De color is also used to indicate approximation: 

  •  flesh-colored tights = medias (de) color carne


‘Combined’ colors

Most of these in Spanish are compound nouns as in English:

  •  dusty pink = rosa viejo
  •  cherry red = rojo cereza
  •  emerald green = verde esmeralda


Several ‘combined’ colors are expressed in Spanish by a single word:

  •  bluish white = blanquiazul
  •  greenish-white = verdiblanco
  •  red-green = verdirrojo
  •  red-and white = blanquirrojo
  •  black-and-white = blanquinegro (but note that black-and-white TV/ photos is translated by televisión/ fotos en blanco y negro)


Shades of color

Spanish has various endings which can be used to translate the suffix -ish:

  •  greenish = verdoso
  •  yellowish = amarillento
  •  reddish = rojizo
  •  blackish = negruzco
  •  bluish = azulado
  •  whitish = blancuzco


It also uses the phrase tirando a to denote tinges of color:

  •  a bright orangish yellow = un amarillo fuerte tirando a naranja
  •  a blackish grey = un gris oscuro tirando a negro


Shades of color expressed with adjectives such as light and dark are always invariable in Spanish:

  •  a light blue skirt = una falda azul claro
  •  dark brown shoes = zapatos marrón oscuro


Hair color

  •  fair/blond hair = pelo rubio
  •  brown hair = pelo marrón
  •  light/dark brown hair = pelo marrón claro/oscuro
  •  mousy(-colored) hair = pelo color casta?o desvaído
  •  black hair = pelo negro
  •  white hair = pelo blanco
  •  auburn hair = pelo casta?o rojizo or pelo color caoba



  •  she has red hair = es pelirroja
  •  he has gray hair = es canoso or tiene el pelo canoso


Eye color

  •  blue eyes = ojos azules
  •  brown eyes = ojos marrones or (AmC, Chi, Méx) café
  •  light blue eyes = ojos azul claro
  •  green eyes = ojos verdes
  •  gray eyes = ojos color grises or gris
  •  hazel eyes = ojos color avellana

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