More fully "almug tree". A tree mentioned in the Bible (2 Chron. 2:8, 1 Kings 10:11), said to have been brought as timber from Ophir and used for building and making musical instruments.
Variously identified with (amongst others) a kind of juniper, Juniperus phoenicea, the Mediterranean cypress, Cupressus sempervirens, and the red sandalwood, Pterocarpus santalinum (now considered less likely: see note at etymology).
Mid 16th century; earliest use found in The Byble in Englyshe. From Hebrew ?lmūg, also (with metathesis, perhaps as scribal error) ?lgūm, of uncertain origin, perhaps from Akkadian elammakku, denoting an unidentified tree yielding precious wood; perhaps compare Ugaritic 'lmg, denoting an unidentified tree.